The Scottish Highlander Carmichaels of the Carolinas by Roderick L. Carmichael (1935)


While there are no records that show definitely the relationship between the original immigrant heads of Carmichael families, it appears that Archibald (A), Duncan (B), and Daniel (C) were brothers, and that Dougald (D), John (K), and Gilbert (F) were brothers. All of the other immigrant heads of families are understood to have been brothers or first cousins of one of these groups. All of these immigrants were of the same family group in Lismore.

Duncan (B) did not move to Marion County, but died in Richmond, 1784-90. His son, Duncan (Bl) moved to Marion County after the 1810 census and died there about 1817. Archibald (A) and his wife moved to Marion County about the same time as his son-in-law Duncan (Bl), and in 1820 is shown as the head of a family in the census record of that county. His wife died 1820-30, and in the census record of 1830 he is shown as a member of the family of his daughter Katherine (Al), widow of Duncan (B1), aged between 80 and 90 years. He died before the census of 1840 and with his wife and older members of his descendant families in Marion County is buried in the old Carmichael graveyard, one-half miles northwest of Little Pee Dee church. His son Neil (A2) died in 1809, his son Duncan (A3) in 1836, and his daughter Katherine in 1852. Dougald (G), "Commodore," also his son, but carried in the genealogical table as a separate immigrant because of lack of definite record of the relationship, died about 1830.


(Note:Abbreviations are used in the genealogical record for recurring terms as follows: b-born, d-died or dead, m-married, unm-unmarried, abt-about, nc-no children, nr-no record available, r-present post office address or other indication of the location of the last known place of residence.)

Descendants of Archibald Carmichael, Immigrant

ARCHIBALD Carmichael, Lismore, Argyleshire, Scotland, age 26, his wife Mary, age 26, and his daughter Katherine, age 7, sailed from Scotland September 4, 1775, on the ship Jupiter of Larne, Samuel Brown, master, for Wilmington, N. C. The name of Archibald Carmichael appears on a list of taxpayers of Cumberland County, N. C., in 1777 (NC Hist. Com.) as a land-owner on Leiths Creek in Richmond (now Scotland) County, N. C., 1784, and as the head of a family in Richmond County in the records of the census of 1790. The identification of the subject of this sketch with the individual mentioned in the above records is complete beyond doubt. The names of Archibald Carmichael appears on a roster of N. C. troops in the American Revolution in 1782 (NC State Records, Vol. 16, pages 610 and 1036), and as having received pavment for supplies furnished in driving cattle 1779 (name mis-spelled "Carmikle") (NC Revolutionary War Accounts, Vol. XI, page 28, folio 1). There is also a record (Accounts N. C. Comptroller's Office, War of the Revolution, Book D, page 53) of payment for clothing certificate in 1782 to Archibald Carmical. The writer has no information connecting the subject of this sketch with the individuals mentioned in the four last-mentioned references. The name Carmical, appearing in the last of these four, appears in the 1790 census of a family in Caswell County, N. C., is found in many of the states of the South and Southwest at present, and is understood to have originated due to family differences. The Carmical's are descended from the great Ulster Scottish Migration, 1700-1775, and come from the same source as the Carmichaels, which is Lanarkshire, Scotland, and are referred to elsewhere in this record. There was another Archibald Carmichael on the same immigrant ship with the subject of this sketch, member of another family group as follows: Evan, age 40, Apine (Appin), Argyleshire, Scotland, his wife, Margaret, age 38, his son, Archibald, age 14, his son, Allan, age 12, his daughter, Katherine, age 3. There is no further information about this family or their descendants available. As Lismore was a part of Appin, this family may have also come from Lismore; at any rate, they were all of the same family.

Archibald Carmichael acquired lands on Leiths Creek, in the vicinity of his 1784 holdings in Richmond (now Scotland) County, N. C., in 1790,1793, 1794, 1795 and 1797. He acquired lands on the East side of Little Pee Dee River in Marion (now Dillon) County, S. C., adjacent to lands of his sons, in 1802. He appears as the head of a family in Richmond County, N. C., 1800 and 1810, as the head of a family in Marion County, S. C. in 1820, and as a member of the family of his daughter Katherine (Al), widow of Duncan (B1), 1830, in the census records for those years. His wife died between 1820 and 1830. It appears probable that he was married twice. Katherine who accompanied him to America in 1775 was born 1768, and his sons Neil and Duncan were born in North Carolina about 1776- 78. Also there are substantial reasons to believe that Dougald, known as "Commodore Dougald," who came to South Carolina in 1794 and settled on the East side of Little Pee Dee River, South of the present site of Little Pee Dee Presbyterian Church, was his oldest son, left in Scotland with relatives and apprenticed to a ship-builder in Glasgow, and became a shipscraftsman, a trade which he followed in South Carolina, where he built boats on the Little Pee Dee River. He is carried in this record as a separate immigrant as he came about 20 years after his father, and was the first of the Carmichael Highlanders to settle in Marion County, S. C. For further information about him see his genealogical section under symbol "G". His brothers Neil (A2) and Duncan (A3) followed him to South Carolina. Neil acquired lands adjacent to him in 1794 (includes present site of Little Pee Dee Church) and moved there soon afterwards. Duncan and his wife, Mary (Monroe) acquired lands in the same vicinity 1794 and 1797, and moved there before 1800. Katherine, Archibald's only daughter, (Al), married her first cousin Duncan (Bl) who acquired lands on the East side of Little Pee Dee River in 1805 and 1810, adjacent to Katherine's brother Duncan (A3), moved from Richmond (now Scotland) County, N. C., to Marion (now Dillon) County, S. C., about 1810. The homes of both of these Duncans are still owned by their descendants. Neil (A2) married his first cousin Christian (B2), sister of Katherine's husband, Duncan (Bl).

After moving to Marion County about 1819, Archibald lived near Little Pee Dee Church, a short distance from his sons Dougald and Neil, and a few miles from his daughter Katherine and his son Duncan. After his wife's death between 1820 and 1830, he lived with his daughter Katherine, who was a widow after about 1817. He died between 1830 and 1840, and he and his wife are buried in one of the two earliest Carmichael graveyards, about one-half mile NW of Little Pee Dee Church.

Archibald was brother of Duncan (B), of Daniel (C) and of one or more of the other of the Immigrant Carmichael heads of families of the Scottish Highland group that came to North and South Carolina, and was a cousin of the others.

A. Carmichael, Archibald, b Scotland 1749, d SC 1830-40, m Mary , b Scotland 1749, d SC 1820-30, r Dillon, S. C., 3 children:

Descendants of Duncan Carmichael, Immigrant

DUNCAN Carmichael.The court records of Cumberland County, N. C., show a Duncan Carmichael as a member of a board of arbitration in 1778. Land records of Richmond County, N. C., show a Duncan Carmichael as a landowner on Leiths Creek, 1784. A Duncan Carmichael appears on a roster of North Carolina troops in the American Revolution, 1782 (N. C. State Records, Volume 16, pages CIO and 3 036). The only records, so far as known, of Scottish Highlander emigrants to North Carolina are those kept by the British Customs beginning January, 1774, and these ended when this emigration was suspended during the American Revolution. As Duncan Carmichael's name does not appear in these records, it is evident that he arrived prior to January, 1774, probably on a ship sailing from Fort William, on the Firth of Lome, September 1, 1773. Record of this (Scots Magazine, October, 1773) states that it took 425 Scottish Highlander emigrants to North Carolina, made up of members of several small clans in the vicinity of Fort William (listed) including the Appin Stewart Clan, of which the island of Lismore, the home of the Highlander branch of the Carmichael family was a part.

There are no records, so far as known, by which the descendants of Duncan Carmichael may be positively identified, and tradition must be relied upon to supply the deficiency. The census of 1790 does not show a Duncan Carmichael in North or South Carolina, so the last documentary record is as a landowner in Richmond (now Scotland) County, N. C., in 1784. It may be assumed that he died between 1784 and 1790, and that his family is included in the families of other heads of families in the census of 1790. It is a long accepted tradition that Duncan was brother of Archibald Carmichael (symbol A), and of Daniel Carmichael (symbol C), and was also brother or cousin of the other heads of families in Cumberland and Richmond counties at that time. Duncan Carmichael (Bl), born 1779, and his sister, Christian, born in North Carolina 1780, appear to be children of Duncan (B). They each married children of Archibald Carmichael (A), who, according to accepted tradition, were their first cousins. Duncan (Bl) died about 1817, and the census records prior to 1850 do not show places of birth. His sister, Christian, however, died 1857, and her birthplace is shown as North Carolina by the 1850 census records.

B. Carmichael, Duncan, b Scotland abt 1750, d NC. bef. 1790, r Richmond Co., N. C.;two children

Descendants of Daniel Carmichael, Immigrant

DANIEL Carmichael came from the island of Lismore, Argyleshire, Scotland, and settled in North Carolina, probably Richmond (now Scotland) County, about 1792, removed to Marion County (now Dillon) S. C., about 1792 and settled 1797 on the SW side of Little Pee Dee River at Carmichael's Bridge (named for him) about 2 miles NW of Fork, S. C., where he lived until his death sometime between the censuses of 1820 and 1830. He and his wife, who died during this period also, are buried in what is possibly the first Carmichael graveyard in South Carolina, located near his home. He had three sons of record and one or more daughters, of whom no record is available. He is said to be brother of Archibald Carmichael, Symbol "A", of Duncan Carmichael, Symbol "B", and of one or more others of the Carmichael immigrants that arrived during the latter part of the 18th century, and while there are no records directly showing this fact, circumstances appear to confirm it.

C. Carmichael, Daniel, b Scotland abt l750, d SC 1820-30, m Katherine Calhoun, b Scotland, d SC 1820-30, 3 children of record:

Descendants of Dougald Carmichael, Immigrant

DOUGALD Carmichael. There were two immigrant Dougald Carmichaels, heads of families, in North Carolina, shown in the records of the census of 1790, both in Richmond County, one the subject of this sketch, and the other who appears in this record under the symbol (J). A third immigrant Dougald Carmichael is carried in the record under the symbol (G). The records of Richmond County, N. C., show land grants to Dougald Carmichael on Little Creek in 1787, and on Leiths Creek in 1791 and 1793, all in what is now Scotland County. The 1787 grant was to Dougald (D), and two or more of the four later grants were also to him, but information is not available to identify the particular ones. All three of the immigrant Dougalds acquired lands on the east side of Little Pee Dee River in Marion (now Dillon) County, S. C. The grants under this name are under dates of 1794, 1797, 1798 and 1802. The 1794 grant was to Dougald (G), south of the present site of Little Pee Dee church. The grants of 1797 and 1802 are identified as estate lands of Dougald (D), and that of 1798 was probably to Dougald (J). Both of the Dougalds shown-in Richmond County, N. C., by the census of 1790 had left there before the census of 1800, and are later found in Marion (now Dillon) County, S. C., census records. Dougald Carmichael (G) was the first of the Highlander Carmichaels to settle in South Carolina, and went there direct from Scotland in 1794. The lands acquired in Marion (now Dillon) County, S. C., by Dougald Carmichael (D) were located on both sides of the Stage Road, north of Carmichael's Bridge on Little Pee Dee river, and his home was near the old millsite about two miles from the river, occupied by him and his descendants for more than a hundred years.

He was a soldier in one of the Scottish Highlander regiments of the British Army in the Revolutionary War, and after his discharge at Charleston, S. C., at the end of the war, joined his brother John Carmichael (K) in Cumberland County, N. C., near the present location of Hope Mills. There were several of the Highlander regiments with the British Army in the Southern Campaign, but they were all at Yorktown, Va., except one battalion of the Royal Highlander Immigrant Regiment, which was at Charleston until sent to the West Indies for disbanding in 1784. The members of this regiment were Scottish Highlanders that had arrived in America about the beginning of the Revolution, or were en route and were induced or forced to join by British authorities. Most of its members were given the alternative of joining or being tried for treason with a certainty of execution as traitors. It is understood that Dougald (D) was en route to join his brother John, who probably came on the immigrant ship sailing from Fort William, Scotland, September 1, 1773, which brought 425 immigrants from several of the small clans in the vicinity of Loch Linnhe, including the Appin Stewart Clan, of which the Carmichael Highlanders were members. And Dougald (D) must have been a member of the Royal Highlander Emigrant Regiment, as that was the only one of the Highlander regiments in Charleston, S. C., after 1781.

He reached his brother in North Carolina about 1783-4, and some time in the next two years married Flora Monroe, a member of the Monroe family of Richmond (N. C.) and Marion (S. C.) counties, who was born in Scotland. He was a brother of John Carmichael (K) and Gilbert Carmichael (F) and perhaps of one or more of the Carmichael immigrants Highlander heads of families, and cousins of the others. Dougald (D) and his wife died 1820-30 and are buried in the old Carmichael graveyard, one-half mile northwest, of Little Pee Dee church.

D. Carmichael, Dougald, b Scotland abt 1750, d SC 1820-30, m Flora Monroe (sister A3), d 1820-30, r Dillon, S. C., 10 children:

Descendants of Christian Carmichael,Wife of Dougald McIntyre, Immigrant

CHRISTIAN Carmichael, sister of Archibald (A), Duncan (B) and Daniel (C), married Dougald McIntyre 1790 and died in Scotland about 1820, .iust before her husband and children came to South Carolina, 1820-21. Duncan (E2) and Daniel (E4), unmarried sons of Christian came to South Carolina in 1820. Duncan was a Divinity student, under the Presbytery of Lome in Scotland, and after arrival in America, continued his studies under the Presbytery of Fayetteville, N. C., under which he became a Presbyterian Minister, a vocation he followed in North and South Carolina until his death many years later. He was instrumental in organizing and establishing Little Pee Dee Church, the oldest Presbyterian church in South Carolina east of Great Pee Dee River. Daniel made his home with the family of Dougald Carmichael (D) during the first year or so after his arrival, and later, 1825, married Mary Carmichael (Gl) Dougald's grand-daughter. Dougald McIntyre, the father, accompanied by his sons Dougald (El) and Archibald (E3), and the former's family, came over in 1822. They came by way of Boston, Mass., and Georgetown, S. C., and made their way by raft from the latter point up Great Pee Dee and Little Pee Dee Rivers to the home of Christian's brother Archibald (A), near Little Pee Dee Church, and later settled about one mile east of Kentyre Church, about 5 miles NE of Dillon, S. C.

E. McIntyre, Christian, b Scotland abt 1760, d Scotland about 1820, m abt 1790 Dougald McIntyre, b Scotland 1753, d SC 1823, r Hamer, S. C., 4 children:

Descendants of Dougald Carmichael, Immigrant

GILBERT Carmichael was born in Scotland 1763, his wife was Mary Black, born in Scotland 1770. They were married in North Carolina and their oldest child was born there 1793 (census record). The date of his arrival in North Carolina is not definitely shown by records, but was probably 1773. The best available information, traditional and otherwise, indicate that he was the brother of John (K) and Dougald (D). The latter was discharged from the British Army in Charleston, S. C., about 1784 and joined his brother John at Hope Mills, N. C. The latter appears as the head of a family in 1790 census records of Cumberland Co., N. C., with one other male over 16 in the family, assumed to have been Gilbert, for the reason Nancy (A24), wife of John B. Carmichael (F4), son of Gilbert, is said to have married a member of the section of the family to which Dougald (D) and John (K) belonged. This information came from the maternal grandfather (D12) of the writer, who was born in 1820 and was well informed on his family history. The arrival of John (K) and Gilbert (F) in 1773 is assumed for the reason that John was in North Carolina at the end of the Revolution, and as all immigration was suspended during the war, he must have arrived before its outbreak. This family does not appear in the British custom records of immigrants from Scotland to North Carolina 1774-5-6, and is believed to have been among the Appin group sailing September, 1773, referred to elsewhere herein.

Gilbert Carmichael's descendants are now in North Carolina, principally in the region between Hope Mills and Raeford, in Texas, principally in Austin County and in the vicinity of Waco, and in many other states.

F. Carmichael, Gilbert, b Scotland 1763, d NC 1833, m 1791 Mary Black, b Scotland 1770, d NC, r Rockfish, N. C., 5 children:

Descendants of Dougald Carmichael, Immigrant

DOUGALD Carmichael.This immigrant, known as "Commodore" Dougald Carmichael, was born in Scotland about 1768 and came to America about 1793-4. He was the son of Archibald Carmichael (A), who came to North Carolina 1775 with his wife, Mary, and daughter, Katherine (A1), age 7. The U. S. census records, 1850, show that Katherine was born in 1770, so the age given in the British customs records is probably inaccurate. It is thought that "Commodore" Dougald was probably left in Scotland with relatives when Archibald came to North Carolina and was apprenticed and qualified as a shipscraftsman in Glasgow, where he was employed as such before coming to America. All surrounding circumstances indicate that Archibald (A) was married twice and that Dougald and Katherine were children of his first wife. His two sons, Neil (A2) and Duncan (A3), born in North Carolina, were children of Mary, his second wife. "Commodore" Dougald Carmichael came over 20 years after his father and is carried as a separate immigrant in this record. He was the first of the family to settle in Marion ( now Dillon) County, S. C., and was probably influenced to do so by his desire to locate on a stream where he could build and operate boats for marketing the products of the land. He acquired lands in 1794 (still owned by his descendants) just south of Little Pee Dee Church, where he lived until his death about 1830. Here he built flat-boats and other river craft and operated his farm, which adjoined that of his brother Neil (A2) and was not far from that of his sister Katherine (Al), and of his brother Duncan (A3).

He married about 1802 Mary (Polly) Carmichael (D2). After his death, his widow and all of his children, except Mary (Gl), wife of Daniel McIntyre (E4), moved (about 1845) to Russell County, Ala. He has many descendants in South Carolina, Alabama and other states, but the record of them available is incomplete.

G. Carmichael, Dougald (Commodore), b Scotland abt 1768, d SC abt 1830, m 1801 Mary (Polly) Carmichael (D2), b NC 1786, d Ala. 1859, r Dillon, S. C., 7 children:

Descendants of Duncan Carmichael, Immigrant

DUNCAN Carmicael. He is said to have sailed from Edinburgh, Scotland, 1788, with his family, consisting of two sons and one daughter, and to have settled first in New York State and in 1797 to have moved, with his daughter Mary and his son John to Carmichael settlement in Richmond County, N. C., where he acquired and settled on lands three miles east of Laurinburg, stil owned by his descendants. No record is available of the other son. There is no Duncan Carmichael shown in the census records of 1790, so the date of his arrival in America was after 1790, or he was missed by census enumerators. There is record of a Duncan Carmichael in Richmond County, N. C., 1800 and 1810, identified as this man. There were two Duncans, heads of Carmichael families in the census record of Richmond County for 1810, one of which was this man and the other appears under the symbol Bl, and none there in 1820.

Duncan (H), the subject of this sketch, made a will m 1814 in which he gave his personal property to his son John (H2), his daughter Mary (Carmichael) McColl (H1), and to his grandson Duncan McColl (Hll), and his real estate to his son John (H2). The executors of the will were his son John and his son-in-law Alexander McColl, and the witnesses were Daniel Stewart and Duncan McLaurin. The Richmond County land records show a sale of land on the west side of Shoeheel creek in 1797 from Nancy McBryde to Duncan Carmichael, and a grant of land from State ot North Carolina to Duncan Carmichael in 1799 located on Bridges creek.

There is no record available of the descendants of Mary, his daughter, but there is an extensive family of McColls (spelled with an O) in Marlboro County, S. C., her home after marriage, probably her descendants. Duncan was brother and cousin of other Carmichael heads of families that came to North and South Carolina in the latter part of the 18th century.

John Carmichael (H2) married Katherine McCormick, whose mother was Katherine Carmichael, wife of Duncan McCormick. There is no information as to the immigrant ancestor of Katherine.

H Carmichael, Duncan, b Scotland before 1755, d NC alter 1814, r Laurinburg, N. C., 3 Children, d childhood:

Descendants of Dougald Carmichael, Immigrant

DOUGALD Carmichael (J) came from Richmond County prior to 1800 and lived on the east side of Little Pee Dee river, about three miles from the town of Dillon. He had no sons and there is no local record of his family available, other than that older people recall being shown the "Blacksmith Dougald Carmichael Place," located on the old Bear Swamp-Little Pee Dee church road. He was probably one of the group that arrived in 1773, settled first in Cumberland County, N. C., and moved to Richmond County, N. C., 1780-90, and to Marion County, S. C., 1790- 1800.

The ship "Jupiter of" Lorne, Samuel Brown, Master, for Wilmington, N. C., sailed Sept. 4.1775 and included the following:
Dougald Carmichael, age 55, Appin; Mary, his wife, age 55; Archibald Colquhoun, her son, age 22; Ann Colquhoun, her daughter, age 20.

Descendants of John Carmichael, Immigrant

JOHN Carmichael. Local information indicates that he was born in Scotland 1755 and died in North Carolina 1837. Date of arrival in North Carolina unknown, but there is record of purchase of land in Richmond (now Scotland) County, N. C., 1799. Family tradition shows him to have been a sailor before leaving Scotland, and was known as "John Ban." He married Nancy, daughter of John McKeichen of Mederlock, Scotland, who was born in Scotland 1765 and died in North Carolina in 1838.

The census of 1790 shows but one head of family by name of John Carmichael in North Carolina, and that one in Cumberland County, whose family consisted of two males over 16, three males under 16, and two females. It is known from well-supported tradition in the family of Dougald Carmichael, symbol "D,"that this John Carmichael was his brother. Dougald was a soldier in the British Army in Charleston, S. C., at the end of the American Revolution and joined his brother John at what is now Hope Mills, N. C., soon afterward. As emigration from Scotland was suspended during the war, John and his family (evidently his mother's family) must have arrived before the war began, probably part of the Appin group that sailed from Fort William for North Carolina, September 1, 1773. Dougald acquired lands in Richmond (now Scotland) County, N. C., in 1787 and appears as the head of a family in that county in the census records of 1790. John Carmichael does not appear in the census record of Cumberland County for 1800, but a John Carmichael appears in the Richmond County record for that year, and land records of that county show that a John Carmichael during the years 1791, 1796, 1797, acquired lands in the vicinity of the lands acquired by Dougald (1787, 1791, 1793). It is thought that this John is the same as the one whose descendants are given below. Gilbert Carmichael, symbol "F," and his descendants were the only members of the Carmichael family in Cumberland County in 1800 and later, and there are many reasons indicating that he was brother of Dougald and John. Dougald moved to Marion County, S. C., about 1798.

K. Carmichael, John (John Ban), b Scotland 1755, d NC 1837, m Nancy McKeichen, b Scotland 1765, d NC 1838, r Laurinburg, N. C., 9 children:

Descendants of Daniel Carmichael, Immigrant

DANIEL Carmichael. He is believed to have been born in Richmond County, N. C., son of one of the immigrant heads of Carmichael families listed in the census records of that county for 1800, and the information concerning him is not sufficient to determine which. He moved with his family first to Alabama and later to Mississippi, where he died 1889.

L.Carmichael, Daniel, b 1804, d 1889' m 1827 Nancy McCormick, b 1801, d 1876, r Union Church, Miss., 10 children:

Descendants of Duncan Carmichael, Immigrant
NOTE: The record of the descendants of Daniel Carmichael (M) was prepared by one of his descendants, Dr. Robert Daniel Carmichael (M2151), and is included in the book as it was written and is not in the same form as the other sections of the text

DANIEL Carmichael. was born in Scotland in 1736 and lived to be 86 years of age, dying in North Carolina probably in 1882. In Scotland he was a shepherd in Appin (or Appinshire). By his first wife (name unknown) this Daniel had only one child. By his second wife(Sallie McCall who lived to reach eighty) he had five children, as indicated in the tables below. With his six children and his second wife he came to America about 1773. All his family lived to a good age except Malcolm, who "died young," and Mary whose age at death was about thirty years. This Daniel (M) resided in North Carolina, near Willmingto; he was a framer and raised cattle, sheep, hogs and horses.

Daniel (Ma), son of Daniel (M), was married in Scotland, and he and his wifeame to America with his father about 1773 settling near Willimgton, Nort Carolina. This younger Daniel (Ma) and his wife had several children, among them Malcolm and (perhaps) Mary. He and his family removed to Alabama and settled (apparently) near Cleburne.

According to a family tradition related (about 1900) by John Carmichael (M22) the following is true. In three (perhaps distantly elated) families of Carmichaels in a certain community in Richmond County, North Carolina, there were once living at the same time (apparently about 1820 or a little later) seven John Carmichaels, as follows; John Ban (father of) Shoe maker John, and the latters son John; "Squire John" and his son John (M22); Red John and his son John. Red John was so called from his red hair- John Ban from his white head. John Ban was noted for his physical strength. His children were: John, Effie, Kate, Jeannette Margaret, Mary, Archie, Hugh, Duncan—probably in approximate order of birth. John Ban's wife was a Lucas; Red John's wife was a McCormick.

John Carmichael (M22) gave the following information about 1900. John Carmichael (M2) and Mary McEachin were married in Robeson County, N. C. Mary McEachin was from Cantire in Scotland. "The people in Cantire felt themselves above the people in Apinshire." Mary McEachin was the daughter of Peter McEachin; she had brothers John, Hector and Archibald. This Peter McEachin was one of a band of Tories captured by Marion during the Revolutionary War. All others of the band were slain. But Peter was a blacksmith and had shod horses for Cornwallis. Now Marion chained him to ail anvil and put him to work for the Ameri- cans. After the war he was a nail-maker for his community, making most of the nails used in the community. Peter spoke both English and "Scotch," preferring the latter, a preference shared by John Carmichael (M2).

John Carmichael (M22) related (about 1900) the following family traditions. The Carmichael clan (in a body) moved from Ireland to Scotland (perhaps in the seventeenth century). They lived there in Apinshire. They were at one time "famous over entire Scotland." "They were related to the Stewarts." In war drafts the Carmichael clan furnished many volunteers. They had a certain "peculiar high respect for a certain Bruce." "Everybody knew of him and his sword and talked much of them." The Carmichaels were "fond of themselves," being "more civilized than others about them."

M. Carmichael, Daniel, b 1736, d about 1822 at 86 years of age. By his first wife (name unknown) he had issue: Ma. Daniel (who married in Scotland and came with his father's family to America about 1773). See the preceding notes. By his second wife (Sallie McCall, who lived to be 80) he had issue as follows, all his children (according to family tradition) having been born in Scotland before his migration to America about 1773: